Pastoral Council



Ngorongoro Pastoral Council started operating unofficially in the year 1994 as part of the three roles of Ngorongoro Conservation Area Authority. These roles were set by law during the establishment of Ngorongoro Conservation Area in 1959. The first role was conservation, the second role was to carry out tourism and the third was to safe guard the interest of locals community.

After persistent demands by the locals of having an organization that was to be their representative and on that was to oversee their development, it was in 1998 that the government heard their cry. The government of the United Republic of Tanzania, wanted to see how they can help the people living within Ngorongoro conservation area. This led to the set-up of commission by the cabinet to investigate how it can be achieved. The commission held talks with Ngorongoro Conservation Area Authority and Maasai natives living within the area, and saw the need to establish a special council that will be a representative of the area’s locals, hence the birth of Ngorongoro Pastoral Council.


Ngorongoro Pastoral Council (NPC) was formed under the Ngorongoro Conservation Area (NCA) Ordinance Cap. 413 and gazetted on the Government Notes No 234 published on 23/06/2000. NPC was formed following a report of an Ad Hoc Ministerial Commission in 1990 which stated that. "the long term success of the conservation area will rely upon the active involvement and participation of local communities in all aspects of the Ngorongoro Conservation Area management' (Tanzania 1990:55).

NPC was thus established as an advisory body to the Board of Directors of Ngorongoro Conservation Area Authority (NCAA).


NPC as a section in NCAA works to pursue the NCAA organizational strategic plan through the department of community development. Since NPC is an entity on its own, it has its own functions as follows:

  • To oversee the actual needs of the pastoral communities living in NCA.
  • It is an advisory body to the NCAA's board of Directors on resident development and conservation matter of NCA.
  • To ensure that other organs such as village governments and ward development committee are given opportunities to participate fully in providing their ideas on how to combat challenges facing the communities in NCA.
  • To cooperate with other stakeholders mainly NCAA, donors, governmental and non-governmental organisations, the Ngorongoro District Council and other district authorities (neighbour district) in fulfilling its core activities.
  • To implement NPC activities and policies as approved by NCAA board of directors.
  • To identify obstacles of resident's development and provide strategies for solving such problems by cooperating with other stakeholders.


The NPC Vision Statement

The Ngorongoro Pastoral Council (NPC) Vision mirrors an inspirational view of human capacity development for both short and long-term mutual socio-economic benefits on poverty reduction among members of the council.

"To be a pastoral community living within NCA whose rights to sustainable conservation of the natural resources and the environment are recognized and protected by concerned authorities and given opportunity to conserve and use those resources and benefits accruing from tourism to fight poverty, ignorance and diseases."

The NPC Mission Statement

NPC Mission provides a sense of responsibility in focusing on identification, generation, provision and transfer of appropriate service and knowledge for poverty reduction.

“To initiate and implement development activities that take into consideration different land uses by involving other stakeholders to remove poverty, ignorance and diseases among families living within Ngorongoro Conservation Area”.


The Ngorongoro Pastoral Council is made up of 72 representatives from various groups in the society. There are ward elected councils from eleven wards in Ngorongoro division, village chairpersons from 25 villages in the area, women representatives, youth representatives and community elders known as the Ilaigwanak. The council is headed by the council chairman under whom there are the council’s vice chairman, council secretary, treasurer and assistant treasurer

NPC Departments

NPC also has 17 permanent staff hired to oversee the organization’s activities in its various departments. The management of NPC is led by Manager of The Ngorongoro Pastoral Council.

The following are NPC Departements:

Tourism Department

1)To participate in promotion of tourism activities within and outside NCA.

2)To oversee preparation of efficient booking system for campsites and walking safaris within NCA.

3)To oversee the operation and management of Esidai Community Lodge and Camping.

4)To conduct inspection to ensure cleanness of cultural-bomas and collect all the tourism information for each cultural boma.

5)To monitor ad evaluate the operations of cultural bomas in collaboration with cultural bomas leaders, Ward Development Committees and village governments.

6)To ensure accountability and transparency of financial issues for each cultural boma within the area.

7)Create good relationship between NPC, NCAA and other stakeholder

8)To promote and develop tourism attractions in order to attract visitors and produce significant economic benefit for local communities.

9)To coordinate a marketing campaign strategy for tourism local products.

10)To cooperate with all other employees from the Pastoral Council, Ngorongoro Conservation Area Authority and residents of NCA.

11)To work with other tourism stakeholder within and outside the NCA

12) To develop tourism attraction strategy policy within the NCA

13)To assist community to gain access to information, resource and opportunitythat are likely to empower them to manage their natural resource more effectively

14)To conduct awareness training and education activity to assist community to explore option on tourism industry in NCA

Community Development Department

1.To conduct special campaign programs for community development concerning issue of health and other related activity

2.To implement community extension work programs betweenNCA communitiesand NCAA ,

3.To prepare posters and other visual aids to be used during the educational campaigns within and around NCA

4.To train food security Committee on food storage, bookkeeping and fumigation techniques at village level

5.To collaborate with NGO's and CBO's in sensitizing villagers on community development plans and programs.

6.To organize and keep information and statistics on community development activities.

7.To identify economic opportunities from traditional/cultural settings and activities.

8.To design efficient and effective procedures for food distribution to targeted families.

9.To participate in preparation of annual action plans

10.To participate in preparing strategic plan and budget for NPC

11.To collaborate with external organs such as National Food Reserve Agency (NFRA), Prime Minister's Office (PMO) and Ngorongoro District Council (NDC) to ensure availability of food.

12.To develop strategies for improvement of, and opening up the market for NCA local products such as honey, meat, milk, hides/skins and handcrafts

13.To participate in development and implementation of staff training and development plans and programs.

14.To coordinate preparation of quarterly performance reports.

15.To liaise with Trade Union leaders on matters relating to staff grievances.

16.To develop monitoring and Evaluation in community project supported by NPC

17.Develop supervision tool kits

Education Department

Accounts Department

  1. To prepare daily, weekly and monthly expenditure report
  2. Supervise the preparation of budget and monitor its implementation
  3. To ensure all accounting records are properly maintained and safety kept
  4. Prepare payment vouchers and cheques and post them
  5. Prepare monthly bank reconciliationstatement

Transport and Logistics Department

  1. Organize all logistical arrangement for NPC activities
  2. Oversee the management and maintenance of NPC vehicles
  3. Work in collaboration with NCAA transport officer

Current services provided by NPC

Currently the NPC is offering the following services to the pastoral community

  • Funds to support education for the students from pastoral community
  • Food security program
  • Health services program
  • Improve clean and safe water for human consumption and livestock use
  • Improvement of the communication and infrastructure in the pastoral community
  • Livestock husbandry
  • VICOBA/women empowerment
  • Cultural Bomas
  • Conservation - their role in conservation, educating locals, destocking

>Education projects

Education is Ngorongoro Pastoral Council’s main project taking half of its annual budget. So far the council has taken to school 4886 since its establishment excluding the current 255 students that are currently being supported by the council this year 2018 in secondary schools.The NPC support sponsorship for student from all level include, primary secondary and university. Apart from supporting students we have constructed two state of the art secondary schools, Embarway Secondary school and Nainokanoka Secondary school which now offer advanced secondary school education i.e form five and six classes equipped with modern science laboratories, computer labs and libraries. The two schools also have enough and qualified teaching and non-teaching staff who have modern well-constructed houses within the school compounds making it easy for them to teach and be there for students.

Ngorongoro Pastoral Council also went further and provides motivational allowances to top the government salaries the teachers as the teachers don’t get the opportunity to extra economic activities to supplement their incomes. We have also provided each school with a land cruiser hard top that are used to bring supplies for the school and its staff as well as act as a means of transport for teachers to visit the nearby town of Karatu for their personal issues as well as transport to health facilities for both staff and students. The council also provides fuel for these vehicles.

Ngorongoro Pastoral Council has donated electric generators to these schools and in a bid to make life easy for our secondary schools we donate fuel for the school’s electricity generators and water pumps as we are not connected to the national grid. Electricity from these generators is used by students at night in classes for evening studies, to light up their dormitories and by staff for their house appliances.

We have also donated money for construction of classes in primary schools and teachers houses as well as dormitories and dining holes.

We have constructed three new primary schools namely; Ereko in Kakesio ward irrikipori in Olbalbal and Oloresho in Nainokanoka wards and hope to construct more and keep developing these schools.

Student’s sponsorships;

NPC also provide tuition fee, pocket money, transport form their homes to centres or school, training allowances, substances allowance and other compulsory contribution at all level from primary to university level.