Education and Training
The Ngorongoro Conservation Area Authority has built two secondary schools that will now benefit local Maasai communities in the Ngorongoro Area whose children used to travel long distances in search of advanced education after completing Primary Schools.
NCAA donated two Land-Cruisers, each school receiving one to be used at their schools. The Pastoral council in conjuction with NCAA has constructed two additional classrooms at Endulen to be used as Advanced Level streams of Form Five and Six.
While more school infrastructural development projects under the NCAA are going on, the government on the other hand is supporting the institutions through providing school meals to students and paying teachers’ salaries.
NCAA has been sponsoring small groups of bee keeping within and adjacent the conservation area. The sponsorship is particularly on education of better bee keeping by providing bee hives and other equipments for honey harvest.
The aim of the sponsorship to the community within and to the conservation boundaries are
- To empower them economically by having new sources of income by selling honey and other products from the same.
- To bring about a good relationship between the local communities and conservators which will lead to protection of the natural resources
- Training on protection/conservation of natural resources by stopping the harvest habit of trees for bee hive making and the forest burning during the honey harvest process. The training is also provided during the study tour to other places with same business of bee keeping in the country and this includes marketing, exhibitions such as sabasaba, nanenane, and seminars.
- Regular monitoring to all beekeeping communities
- Training of beekeeping groups nad village leaders in beekeeping and entrepreneurship meeting with PC/NCAA sponsored students to provide guidence and councelling sharing experience on community based natural resources management and income generating activities.
Ngorongoro Conservation Area Authority (NCAA) and Ngorongoro Pastoral Council (NPC) normally share 50 percent of what is collected from local campsites (special campsites). There are 16 local campsites of which the revenue collected is shared.
Cultivation is prohibited in Ngorongoro. Therefore, every year NCAA purchases and sells grains at cost price or reduced prices to resident pastoral communities. NCAA has an arrangement with the National Food Reserve Agency (NFRA) to ensure that NCA communities have access to maize grains at affordable prices. NCAA also runs school feeding program to 21 primary schools available in NCA and Jema Primary School at Sale Division. At times, both Embarway and Nainokanoka Secondary Schools are also supplied with food.
For thousands of years a succession of cattle herding people moved into the Area, lived here for time, and then moved on, sometimes forced out by other tribes.
About 200 years ago the Maasai arrived and have since colonized the Area in substantial numbers, their traditional way of life allowing them to live in harmony with the wildlife and the environment. Today there are some 42,200 Maasai pastoralists living in the NCA with their cattle, donkeys, goats and sheep. During the rains they move out on to the open plains; in the dry season they move into the adjacent woodlands and mountain slopes. The Maasai are allowed to take their animals into the Crater for water and grazing, but not to live or cultivate there. Elsewhere in the NCA they have the right to roam freely.
Visitors are welcomed at two designated Maasai cultural bomas one on the road to Serengeti and another close to Sopa Lodge at Irkeepusi village.
The Datoga, Nilo-Hamitic-speaking pastoralists, who arrived more than 300 years ago and were subsequently forced out of the Serengeti-Ngorongoro area by the Maasai, today they live just outside the NCA, in the Lake Eyasi basin and beyond.