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The United Republic of Tanzania


The United Republic of Tanzania


Range Management

NCAA has been managing its wildlife and range resources through prescribed burning, mowing, and uprooting of invasive plant species, seasonal wildlife census, and special wildlife census for specific species in order to ensure a sustained yield of rangeland products by protecting and improving the basic range resources of soil, water, plant and animal life productivity, as well as a maintained ecological balance.

Types of range and rangeland improvements

Major rangeland types found in NCA include grasslands, shrublands, savannas, woodlands, and forests. Each of these types of rangeland has a number of distinctive plant associations with various biotic.

NCAA improves rangeland in accordance with fundamental range management principles such as protection, conservation, improvement, and continued welfare of the area’s resources of land, water, plants, and animals. Preserve pastures from overgrazing and overstocking.

Invasive Plant Management

NCA is one of the hotspots for biodiversity and conservation areas that are being affected by invasive species. This is one of the main challenges facing the rangeland in the Ngorongoro Conservation Area and has resulted in a loss of forage for wildlife, as well as the expenses associated with the continued search for efficient ways to manage these invasive species in invaded areas.

Currently, NCAA removes invasive species and weeds, replants disturbed areas, reintroduces native species, and establishes no-go zones like the Northern Highland forest, Ndutu plains, Crater, and other protected areas,

The management of invasive species as a means to improving wildlife conservation is an important aspect that requires consistent maintenance to ensure sustainability of wildlife and other natural resources within NCA. More importantly, the management and restoration of invaded areas by invasive species is expected to ensure sustainable conservation of natural resources in Ngorongoro.

Rangeland Restoration

This is conducted in areas adjacent to NCA, which connect NCA with other protected areas since wildlife corridors are degraded by human overuse, such as farming/agriculture and human developments (habitat/ buildings). Also, the department uses its resources, for example, tree planting from Trees nurseries, to maintain the Northern highland forest reserve as a strategic activity to mitigate and adaptation to climate change.

Moreover, re-afforestation is done to the wildlife corridors that pass to community land and connect NCA with other protected areas. These initiatives are conducted during the rainy season when the trees planted can survive more easily than in the dry season. Other programs like conservation education go hand in hand with the already mentioned programs.

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